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Course Catalog

ENG 110 English 9

This course is a year-long, cumulative study of vocabulary, grammar, language precision, literature analysis, oratory skills, and writing. Students will read key texts from a variety of genres for a broad exposure to form and function in the written word and will be given the opportunity to think, reflect, debate, and discuss what they read regularly. All of this work will be refracted through the lens of a biblical worldview so that students can become more comfortable with thinking about literature and writing from that perspective.

Grade Level: Freshman
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: None

ENG 120 Honors English 9

This course is a year-long, cumulative study of vocabulary, grammar, language precision, literature analysis, oratory skills, and writing. Honors Students will read basic key texts as well as more challenging texts from a variety of genres for a broad exposure to form and function in the written word and will be given the opportunity to think, reflect, debate, and discuss what they read regularly. Honors students are expected to engage in higher levels of critical thinking and analysis of texts. All of this work will be refracted through the lens of a biblical worldview so that students can become more comfortable with thinking about literature and writing from that perspective.

Grade Level: Freshman
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Prior Approval from Academic Counselors

ENG 210 English 10

English Grade 10 enhances and expands on the reading and writing skills established in English 9, moving toward more complex texts and greater emphasis on textual analysis. Students will refine grammatical skills and learn to recognize logical fallacies both in written and oral form. Discussions of the literature, including identifying and discussing biblical themes, will play a significant role in developing critical thinking skills. Students will expand and develop their vocabulary base and improve written technique and style, with an emphasis on organizing multi-paragraph compositions by crafting arguable thesis statements, supporting thesis statements with claim sentences, supporting claims with concrete evidence, and warranting evidence to produce sound arguments. Students will learn MLA style guidelines and learn the revision process in both creative and formal writing.

Grade Level: Sophomore
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: English 9

ENG 220 Honors English 10

Honors English 10 enhances and expands on the reading and writing skills established in English 9 or Honors English 9, moving toward more complex texts and greater emphasis on textual analysis. Students will refine grammatical skills and learn to recognize logical fallacies both in written and oral form. Discussions of the literature, including advanced conversations around biblical ideas and themes will play a significant role in developing critical thinking skills. Students will expand and develop their vocabulary base and improve written technique and style, with an emphasis on organizing multi-paragraph compositions by crafting arguable thesis statements, supporting thesis statements with claim sentences, supporting claims with concrete evidence, and warranting evidence to produce sound arguments. Students will learn MLA style guidelines and learn the revision process in both creative and formal writing.

Grade Level: Sophomore
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Grade of 83% or better in Honors English 9; Grade of 93% or better in English 9

ENG 310 English 11

This course will continue to develop students into becoming critical thinkers, writers, and readers by improving their written, verbal, and research skills. Students will closely read great literary classics and a wide selection of non-fiction. Class discussions will explore what ideas and beliefs formed these texts, who has supported or challenged them, and how these ideas are still ingrained in our culture today. Particular attention will be paid to the mode of argumentation: in the analysis of a text, in the crafting of an essay, in the expression of a viewpoint through debate or discussion. Students will build upon this skill by adding layers of evidence—textual analysis, personal experiences and observations, outside research—to provide a convincing defense for their claims. This course also involves skill development in advanced syntax and grammar. Students will develop rhetorical and literary analysis skills with a depth of logical inquiry and a greater sense of style. Special attention is given to advanced grammar, spelling, and vocabulary enrichment. These skills will prepare them for the ACT and SAT exams and the expectations for their studies at the college level. Ultimately, this course will guide students toward examining literature and life critically through a biblical worldview and toward equipping them to inform, serve, convince, and inspire others through their writing.

Grade Level: Junior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: English 10

ENG 350 AP English Language and Composition

This introductory college-level course, which complies with the guidelines stated in the AP English Course Description, has three main objectives. First, this course develops students into strong, confident writers who recognize the value of revision in their writing. Second, this course works to develop critical reading skills by sharpening students’ awareness of the rhetorical strategies used by the author of a text. The course content will emphasize works of American literature and works of nonfiction from a variety of authors and time periods. By becoming better readers, students glean ideas that contribute to the content of their writing, sharpen critical thinking skills, and apply rhetorical strategies in their own writing. Students will also consider their own beliefs in light of the perennial questions raised by the literature and biblical concepts considered and discussed in class. Complementary to the first two objectives, this course further prepares students for the AP English: Language and Composition exam. To practice and assess their writing and critical reading skills, students complete several timed essays and multiple-choice segments, taken directly from released AP exams. By the end of the course, students will have prepared for the exam, but more importantly, they will have developed critical reading and writing skills that they will use in college and beyond. This course functions as a portfolio-based writing course that requires students to write several essays through the steps of the writing process, meet regularly in peer and teacher conferences and revise and edit select essays for a final portfolio.

The cost for the required AP exam is approximately $93.

Grade Level: 0, 0, 1, 0 Junior and Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Grade of 87% or better in Honors English 10; Grade of 93% or better in English 10; Approval of the student’s Academic & College Counselor; Performance in previous advanced courses will be taken into consideration.

ENG 380 AP Seminar

AP Seminar is the first year of a two-year course sequence that makes up the AP Capstone program. This course focuses on skills development for students including argumentation, critical thinking, analysis of texts, communication, and collaboration, including how biblical principles interact with these skills.

From the College Board:
AP Seminar is a foundational course that engages students in cross-curricular conversations that explore the complexities of academic and real-world topics and issues by analyzing divergent perspectives. Using an inquiry framework, students practice reading and analyzing articles, research studies, and foundational, literary, and philosophical texts; listening to and viewing speeches, broadcasts, and personal accounts; and experiencing artistic works and performances. Students learn to synthesize information from multiple sources, develop their own perspectives in written essays, and design and deliver oral and visual presentations, both individually and as part of a team. Ultimately, the course aims to equip students with the power to analyze and evaluate information with accuracy and precision in order to craft and communicate evidence-based arguments.

Grade Level: Junior, Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Instructor Approval

ENG 410 English 12

Important ideas from the 20th century will be explored through seminal authors of this period. Selected works by influential writers such as Orwell, Kafka, Eliot, Yeats, Stevens, and others will represent the literary movements of existentialism and nihilism, while selections from Hansberry, Spiegelman, Stoppard, Oates, and others will introduce students to Post-Modernism. This course is designed to improve students’ written, verbal, and research skills. Students will develop literary analysis skills, and a depth of logical inquiry, along with a greater sense of style. Special attention also is given to advanced grammar, oratory, and vocabulary enrichment. Ultimately, this course will guide students toward examining literature and life critically through a Biblical worldview and toward equipping them to inform, serve, convince, and inspire others through their writing.

Grade Level: Junior, Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: English 11

ENG 430 DC English 12

As the capstone of the Valor Christian English Curriculum, this course follows the injunction in Philippians 4:8 to “think on whatever is pure, whatever is admirable…excellent or praiseworthy.” Informed by this verse, this class provides an opportunity for students to read rich, redemptive, ennobling texts and deliberately uses these texts to challenge students’ views and expectations of life. In addition to our academic goals, this course examines the way we shape our affections, how our emotions and our reason function together, and how our actions reflect our character. We will “fix our eyes” on exemplary characters and stories, hoping to learn from and be shaped by them. We will explore the problem of suffering, we will learn about what it looks like to truly love and be loved, and we will ultimately strive to become more like Christ.

Grade Level: Junior, Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: English 11 or AP English Language and Composition; Approval by student’s Academic & College Counselor.

ENG 450 AP English Literature and Composition

This course engages students in careful reading, critical analysis, and writing about imaginative literature (prose fiction, drama, and poetry). In literature studies, students consider a work’s cultural background, world-view, and message, as well as its aesthetic value and literary merits. To enhance cultural and artistic literacy, students read influential works from the Classical through the Post-Modern periods. AP English Literature and Composition prepares the student for the College Board AP test with reading comprehension and writing skills development. Composition assignments, based upon the literature, are designed to strengthen students’ skills in reading, analysis, research, and writing. Oratory skills are honed through discussions, writers’ workshops, and debate, as well as memorization and recitation of selected poetry and scripture. Vocabulary development and grammar proficiency are enhanced through regular review and assessments. Ongoing class devotions help students to a deeper understanding of biblical truths, hermeneutical skills, and life application. The instructor’s aim in everything is to honor Christ and advance His kingdom.

Grade Level: Junior, Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Grade of 93% or above in English 11 or; Grade of 90% or above in AP Language and Composition; Approval of the student’s Academic & College Counselor; Performance in previous advanced courses will be taken into consideration

ENG 460 AP Research

AP Research, the second course in the AP Capstone experience, allows students to deeply explore an academic topic, problem, issue, or idea of individual interest. Students design, plan, and implement a yearlong investigation to address a research question. Through this inquiry, they further the skills they acquired in the AP Seminar course by learning research methodology, employing ethical research practices, and accessing, analyzing, and synthesizing information. Students reflect on their skill development, document their processes, and curate the artifacts of their scholarly work through a process and reflection portfolio. The course culminates in an academic paper of 4,000–5,000 words (accompanied by a performance, exhibit, or product where applicable) and a presentation with an oral defense.

Grade Level: Junior, Senior
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: AP Seminar

HUM 120 Honors Humanities I

The Honors Humanities course is designed to integrate three humanities subjects—English, History, and Bible—into a single, cohesive class taking students from earliest history up to the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ. The three disciplines will be interwoven in instruction while fostering critical skills involving reading, writing, inquiry, and discussion. Students will closely read a variety of ancient texts—poetry, history, philosophy, and theology—as well as more contemporary interpretive texts. The focus in writing will be analytical—diving into individual texts and learning important literary devices names and functions—supported by grammar and language structure as content is synthesized across the three disciplines to develop student proficiency in writing, critical thinking, biblical worldview integration, and historical inquiry. In conversation, students will utilize both Socratic and Harkness methods of class discussion. Students will also give regular presentations on course-relevant content that requires outside research utilizing the Valor library. Also listed under Logic and Rhetoric.

Grade Level: Freshman
Term: Year
Credits: 1.0
Prerequisite: Approval from Academic and College Counselors