The Valor Math Program offers a differentiated mathematics instruction that engages students in interactive experiences supported by the use of manipulatives, models, textbooks, and technology. Students will move from the concrete foundational stage to the investigative stage and finally to the project-based stage of contextual application. Frequent and ongoing assessment, in a variety of forms, guides the instructional decisions made by teachers. Assessments include the opportunities for demonstrating mastery and high-level thinking.

Learn about new **Applied STEM opportunities** for the 2018–19 school year.

### Mathematics Department Courses

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade: **9

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade: **10

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade: **11

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

Students will be exposed to the fundamentals of algebra. Topics include operations with real numbers and variable expressions, including exponential expressions, solving and graphing linear equations, inequalities, and systems, factoring polynomials, solving and graphing quadratic equations, and simplifying expressions. Algebra I stresses a systematic approach to problem solving and critical thinking.

**Grade: **9

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Pre-Algebra

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

Geometry is a study of geometric figures in two and three dimensions. It is designed to increase students’ understanding of spatial relations. Emphasis is also placed upon applying algebra to geometric problem solving, including trigonometry, and applying the basic terminology and concepts of geometry in a logical and organized manner, including formal proofs.

**Grade: **9, 10

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Completion of Algebra I. Placement examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

Honors Geometry is a study of geometric figures in two and three dimensions. It is designed to increase students’ understanding of spatial relations. Emphasis is also placed on applying algebra to geometric problem solving, including trigonometry, and applying the basic terminology and concepts of geometry in a logical and organized manner, including formal proofs. Honors Geometry covers an accelerated Geometry curriculum with an emphasis in higher-level critical thinking skills. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade: **9, 10

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Grade of 93% or better in Algebra I, or 83% or better in Honors Algebra I. Placement examination required for incoming 9th graders.

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-83 or TI-84 calculator.

Algebra II/Trigonometry expands on the topics and concepts of Algebra I. New topics include polynomial, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions, matrices, probability and statistics, and conic sections. Students develop problem-solving skills and are challenged to think critically in preparation for advanced mathematical study in upper level courses. Completion of this course provides a strong foundation for ACT and SAT preparation. In addition to numerical, algebraic and graphical analysis using graphing calculator technology, emphasis is also placed on written expression in the form of algebraic communication that documents a logical thought process and support for a correct response.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Completion of Algebra I and Geometry. Entrance examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

Honors Algebra II/Trigonometry covers an accelerated Algebra II/Trigonometry curriculum with a focus on higher-level critical thinking skills, emphasizing application of concepts. Due to the level of rigor, students beginning this course are expected to be proficient in the mathematic content of Algebra I and Geometry. Students will be given the opportunity to learn some basic programming on a graphing calculator that can assist and support learning. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade: **9, 10, 11

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Grade of 93% or better in Geometry or Grade of 83% or better in Honors Geometry. Placement examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-83 or TI-84 calculator.

College Algebra expands on the topics and concepts of Algebra II/Trigonometry with the focus of going deeper with fewer topics with the goal of obtaining mastery of all algebra topics. This course combines traditional instruction with online learning and practice, and topical projects designed to broaden students understanding of the each concept. Students in this course will be required to pass a gateway exam each semester to ensure mastery of each topic. Course topics include identifying, solving and graphing algebraic functions of all forms, solving systems of equations and inequalities, mathematical modeling, polynomial manipulation, rational functions, conic sections, trigonometric functions, matrices and determinants.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Completion of Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra II/Trigonometry

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

Pre-Calculus extends the concepts covered in Algebra 2/Trigonometry, and strengthens students’ understanding of the elementary functions and mathematical reasoning. New topics include expanded study of the trigonometric functions, vectors, sequences and series, and probability. The calculus ideas of limits and slopes of curves are introduced in preparation for the study of calculus.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Grade of 83% or better in Algebra II/Trigonometry

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

DC (Dual Credit) Pre-Calculus covers an accelerated Pre-Calculus curriculum with a focus on higher-level critical thinking skills, emphasizing application of concepts and derivation of theorems. Additional topics include parametric equations, polar coordinates, inductive proof and a formal introduction to calculus. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Grade of 93% or better in Algebra II, or Grade of 83% or better in Honors Algebra II.

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

Probability and Statistics is designed to familiarize the student with the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Emphasis is placed on exploring data, planning a study, analyzing, and communicating results.

**Grade: **12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Grade of 73% or better in Algebra II and successful completion of Pre-Calculus

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

In preparation for the AP Statistics exam, this course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: exploring data, planning and conducting a study, anticipating patterns in population data, and statistical Inference. The course makes use of key mathematical concepts taught in algebra with a broader emphasis on clearly defining questions to be investigated, gathering and organizing data, producing informative graphical and numerical summaries, modeling relationships, making decisions while accounting for uncertainty in the data, and clearly communicating results in the context of a study. Students learn to synthesize their mathematics acumen with critical thinking and writing skills to create a framework for evaluating and supporting hypotheses in most disciplines.

**Grade: **11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Successful completion of Pre-Calculus

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator. The cost of the required AP exam is approximately $94.

In preparation for the AP Calculus A/B exam, this course emphasizes theory as well as the practical aspects of single variable calculus. AP Calculus A/B presents limits, derivatives, integrals and differential equations. Central to the course are the direct applications of these concepts to practical situations. Students in this course are expected to be proficient in the mathematical content of Pre-Calculus. The course emphasizes a multi-representational approach to calculus, with concepts, results and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically and verbally. A rigorous review for the AP Calculus A/B exam is included.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Successful completion of Pre-Calculus

**Notes: **The cost of the required AP exam is approximately $94. Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

AP Calculus BC includes all topics covered in AP Calculus AB, with additional topics including Euler’s approximation, advanced integration techniques, L’Hopital’s rule, power series, and calculus applied to parametric equations, polar equations, and vectors in two dimensions. This course includes a rigorous review for the Advanced Placement Calculus BC examination.

**Grade: **10, 11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Successful completion of Pre-Calculus

**Notes: **The cost of the required AP exam is approximately $94. Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

In this course, students will extend their learning from one-dimensional analysis in Calculus BC to multi-dimensional analysis. Students will encounter the following topics: multivariate functions, partial derivatives, multiple integration, solid analytical geometry, vector valued functions, and line and surface integrals. Students will be able to select and use appropriate models and techniques for finding the solutions to multivariate-related problems with and without technology.

**Grade: **11, 12

**Term: **Year **Credit: **1.0

**Prerequisite: **Successful completion of AP Calculus BC.

**Notes: **TI-84 calculator required. There is an additional for concurrent college credit.