The Valor Math Program offers a differentiated mathematics instruction that engages students in interactive experiences supported by the use of manipulatives, models, textbooks, and technology. Students will move from the concrete foundational stage, to the investigative stage and finally to the project-based stage of contextual application. Frequent and ongoing assessment, in a variety of forms, guides the instructional decisions made by teachers. Assessments include the opportunities for demonstrating mastery and high level thinking.

## Mathematics Department Courses

## ELE 115: Math Lab Elective I

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade:** Freshman

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

## ELE 116: Math Lab Elective II

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade:** Sophomore

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

## ELE 117: Math Lab Elective III

Math Lab is designed to support student learning, retention and achievement in math. Students enrolled in Math Lab will be concurrently enrolled in another math course. The focus will be on skill remediation, extra practice and homework assistance. This elective is required for students below a C- in their previous math course.

**Grade:** Junior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Teacher recommendation

**Notes: **This is a Pass/Fail course.

## MAT 110: Algebra I

Students will be exposed to the fundamentals of algebra. Topics include operations with real numbers and variable expressions, including exponential expressions, solving and graphing linear equations, inequalities, and systems, factoring polynomials, solving and graphing quadratic equations, and simplifying expressions. Algebra I stresses a systematic approach to problem solving and critical thinking.

**Grade:** Freshman

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Pre-Algebra

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 120 HON: Honors Algebra I

Honors Algebra I covers an accelerated Algebra I curriculum with an emphasis in higher level critical thinking skills. Topics include operations with real numbers and variable expressions, including exponential expressions, solving and graphing linear equations, inequalities, and systems, factoring polynomials, solving and graphing quadratic equations, and simplifying expressions. The course includes assignments, applications, and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade:** Freshman, Sophomore

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Pre-Algebra; Entrance examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 210: Geometry

Geometry is a study of geometric figures in two and three dimensions. It is designed to increase students’ understanding of spatial relations. Emphasis is also placed upon applying algebra to geometric problem solving, including trigonometry, and applying the basic terminology and concepts of geometry in a logical and organized manner, including formal proofs.

**Grade:** Freshman, Sophomore

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Algebra I; Placement examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Student is required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 220 HON: Honors Geometry

Honors Geometry is a study of geometric figures in two and three dimensions. It is designed to increase students’ understanding of spatial relations. Emphasis is also placed on applying algebra to geometric problem solving, including trigonometry, and applying the basic terminology and concepts of geometry in a logical and organized manner, including formal proofs. Honors Geometry covers an accelerated Geometry curriculum with an emphasis in higher-level critical thinking skills. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade:** Freshman, Sophomore

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Grade of 93% or better in Algebra I, or 83% or better in Honors Algebra I; Entrance examination required for incoming 9th graders.

**Notes: **Student is required to have a TI-83 or TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 310: Algebra II/Trigonometry

Algebra II/Trigonometry expands on the topics and concepts of Algebra I. New topics include polynomial, exponential, logarithmic and trigonometric functions, matrices, probability and statistics, and conic sections. Students develop problem-solving skills and are challenged to think critically in preparation for advanced mathematical study in upper level courses. Completion of this course provides a strong foundation for ACT and SAT preparation. In addition to numerical, algebraic and graphical analysis using graphing calculator technology, emphasis is also placed on written expression in the form of algebraic communication that documents a logical thought process and support for a correct response.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Algebra I and Geometry; Entrance examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 320 HON: Honors Algebra II/Trigonometry

Honors Algebra II/Trigonometry covers an accelerated Algebra II/Trigonometry curriculum with a focus on higher-level critical thinking skills, emphasizing application of concepts. Due to the level of rigor, students beginning this course are expected to be proficient in the mathematic content of Algebra I and Geometry. Students will be given the opportunity to learn some basic programming on a graphing calculator that can assist and support learning. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade:** Freshman, Sophomore, Junior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Grade of 93% or better in Geometry or Grade of 83% or better in Honors Geometry, teacher recommendation is required; Entrance examination required for incoming 9th graders

**Notes: **Student is required to have a TI-83 or TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 400: College Algebra

College Algebra expands on the topics and concepts of Algebra 2 with the focus of going deeper with fewer topics in an effort secure mastery of all algebra topics. This course combines traditional instruction with online learning and practice, and topical projects designed to broaden students understanding of the each concept. Students in this course will be required to pass a gateway exam each semester to ensure mastery of each topic. Course topics include identifying, solving and graphing algebraic functions of all forms, solving systems of equations and inequalities, mathematical modeling, polynomial manipulation, rational functions, conic sections, trigonometric functions, matrices and determinants.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Algebra 1, Geometry, and Algebra II

**Notes: **Student is required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 410: Pre-Calculus

Pre-Calculus extends the concepts covered in Algebra 2/Trigonometry, and strengthens students’ understanding of the elementary functions and mathematical reasoning. New topics include expanded study of the trigonometric functions, vectors, sequences and series, and probability. The calculus ideas of limits and slopes of curves are introduced in preparation for the study of calculus.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Grade of 83% or better in Algebra II or by teacher recommendation

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 420 DC: DC Pre-Calculus

DC (Dual Credit) Pre-Calculus covers an accelerated Pre-Calculus curriculum with a focus on higher-level critical thinking skills, emphasizing application of concepts and derivation of theorems. Additional topics include parametric equations, polar coordinates, inductive proof and a formal introduction to calculus. The course includes assignments, applications and exams at a greater depth and difficulty level.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Grade of 93% or better in Algebra II, or Grade of 83% or better in Honors Algebra II, or by teacher reccommendation

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 430: Probability and Statistics

Probability and Statistics is designed to familiarize the student with the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing, and drawing conclusions from data. Emphasis is placed on exploring data, planning a study, analyzing, and communicating results.

**Grade:** Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Grade of 73% or better in Algebra II, or competion of Pre-Calc, or by teacher recommendation

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 510: AP Statistics

In preparation for the AP Statistics exam, this course introduces students to the major concepts and tools for collecting, analyzing and drawing conclusions from data. Students are exposed to four broad conceptual themes: exploring data, planning and conducting a study, anticipating patterns in population data, and statistical Inference. The course makes use of key mathematical concepts taught in algebra with a broader emphasis on clearly defining questions to be investigated, gathering and organizing data, producing informative graphical and numerical summaries, modeling relationships, making decisions while accounting for uncertainty in the data, and clearly communicating results in the context of a study. Students learn to synthesize their mathematics acumen with critical thinking and writing skills to create a framework for evaluating and supporting hypotheses in most disciplines.

**Grade:** Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Pre-Calculus and teacher recommendation

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 520: AP Calculus A/B

In preparation for the AP Calculus A/B exam, this course emphasizes theory as well as the practical aspects of single variable calculus. AP Calculus A/B presents limits, derivatives, integrals and differential equations. Central to the course are the direct applications of these concepts to practical situations. Students in this course are expected to be proficient in the mathematical content of Pre-Calculus. The course emphasizes a multi-representational approach to calculus, with concepts, results and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically and verbally. A rigorous review for the AP Calculus A/B exam is included.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Pre-Calculus and teacher recommendation.

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.

## MAT 530: AP Calculus B/C

In preparation for the AP Calculus A/B exam, this course emphasizes theory as well as the practical aspects of single variable calculus. AP Calculus A/B presents limits, derivatives, integrals and differential equations. Central to the course are the direct applications of these concepts to practical situations. Students in this course are expected to be proficient in the mathematical content of Pre-Calculus. The course emphasizes a multi-representational approach to calculus, with concepts, results and problems being expressed graphically, numerically, analytically and verbally. A rigorous review for the AP Calculus A/B exam is included.

**Grade:** Sophomore, Junior, Senior

**Term:** Year**Credit:** 1.0

**Prerequisites:** Completion of Pre-Calculus and teacher recommendation

**Notes: **Students are required to have a TI-84 calculator.